Hypolipidemic Activity of Cassia tora Seeds in Hyperlipidemic Rats
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The hypolipidemic activity of Cassia tora (Chakvat, Chakunda) (Family: Caesalpiniaceae) seeds extract have been studied in two models of hyperlipidemia in rats. In an acute model, hyperlipidemia was induced by injecting a single dose of Triton WR-1339 (400 mg/kg, b.w.) intraperitonially in rats. Feeding with C. tora seed extract at the dose of 500 mg/kg, b.w. exerted significant lipid lowering effect as assessed by the reversal of plasma levels of total cholesterol, phospholipids, triglyceride and reactivation of post heparin lipolytic activity. In the chronic model, hyperlipidemia was induced by feeding with cholesterol rich-HFD in rats. The treatment with seeds extract of C. tora (500 mg/kg, b.w.) simultaneously for 15 days also caused lowering of lipid levels in plasma and liver following reactivation of plasma post heparin lipolytic activity and hepatic lipoprotein lipase activity in animals. The hypolipidemic activity of C. tora seeds was compared with a standard drug guggulipid (200 mg/kg, b.w.) in both models.
KeywordsCassia tora seeds Triton model of hyperlipidemia Cholesterol rich-HFD Hypolipidemic agent PHLA Hepatic LPL activity Hepatic steatosis
One of us (V.K.) is grateful to the Director, Central Drug Research Institute, Lucknow for experimental support and Era’s Lucknow Medical College & Hospital, Lucknow for financial support.
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