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Effect of Oxidized Phosphatidylcholine on Biomarkers of Oxidative Stress in Rats

Abstract

In this study it was planned to investigate the effect of oxidized phosphatidylcholine (derived from egg) feeding on lipid peroxidation of different tissues in rats. Male Wistar albino rats were fed oxidized and unoxidized phosphatidylcholine for 2 and 4 weeks, respectively. During the period of study food intake and body weights of animals increased gradually. Animals fed oxidized phosphatidylcholine for 2 and 4 weeks showed 33 and 15% spontaneous hemolysis of red blood cells in vitro. Under identical experimental conditions animals given unoxidized phosphatidylcholine showed 14.5 and 13.4% hemolysis for 2 and 4 week’s period, respectively. Thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) level in thymus, spleen, kidney, heart, liver and lung significantly increased in rats given oxidized phosphatidylcholine as compared to unoxidized group. Furthermore, in oxidized phosphatidylcholine group TBARS values in kidney, liver and lungs continued to rise for 4 weeks of treatment while TBARS level in heart, spleen and thymus was found to be decreased at the end of 4 weeks of oxidized phosphatidylcholine feeding. Plasma triacylglycerol and cholesterol was found to increase in rats who had received oxidized phosphatidylcholine for 2 weeks. These findings suggest that excess and persistent intake of oxidized phosphatidylcholine can cause significant damage to organs.

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Correspondence to Saada M. Al-Orf.

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Al-Orf, S.M. Effect of Oxidized Phosphatidylcholine on Biomarkers of Oxidative Stress in Rats. Ind J Clin Biochem 26, 154–160 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12291-010-0064-4

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12291-010-0064-4

Keywords

  • Lipid peroxidation
  • Oxidized phosphatidylcholine
  • Cholesterol
  • Triacylglycerol
  • TBARS
  • Hemolysis necrosis