Investigation of the joining zone of laser welded and cross wedge rolled hybrid parts

Abstract

Most of today’s technical parts and components are made of monolithic materials. These mono-material components produced in established production processes reach their limits due to their respective material characteristics. Thus, a significant increase in production quality and efficiency can only be achieved by combining different materials in one part. Bulk forming of previously joined semi-finished products to net shape hybrid components that consist of two different materials is a promising method to produce parts with locally optimized characteristics. This new production process chain offers a number of advantages compared to conventional manufacturing technologies. Examples are the production of specific load-adapted forged parts with a high level of material utilization and an impact on the joining zone caused by the following forming process. This paper describes the production process of serially arranged hybrid steel parts, produced by combining a laser welding process with a subsequent cross wedge rolling process. The presented results are only a first approach in order to get first insights in the forming behaviour of laser welded and cross wedge rolled parts. The investigated material combination is C22 (1.0402) and 20MnCr5 (1.7147). This innovative process chain enables the production of hybrid parts. To evaluate the developed process chain, the weld and the joining zone is analysed before and after cross wedge rolling. Main results are that the joining process using laser welding enables a strong bonding between the two materials with a higher hardness in the joining zone than for the individual materials. After the forming process, the bonding of the joining zone is still present, while the hardness decreased but remains higher than of the materials themselves.

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Acknowledgements

The results presented in this paper were obtained within the Collaborative Research Centre 1153 “Process chain to produce hybrid high performance components by Tailored Forming” in the subprojects A3 and B1. The authors would like to thank the German Research Foundation (DFG) for the financial and organisational support of this project. The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Correspondence to Thoms Blohm.

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Blohm, T., Nothdurft, S., Mildebrath, M. et al. Investigation of the joining zone of laser welded and cross wedge rolled hybrid parts. Int J Mater Form 11, 829–837 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12289-017-1393-0

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Keywords

  • Process chain
  • Laser welding
  • Hybrid parts
  • Dissimilar joints
  • Cross wedge rolling