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Evaluation of non-linear strain paths using Generalized Forming Limit Concept and a modification of the Time Dependent Evaluation Method

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The prediction of formability is one of the most important tasks in sheet metal forming process simulation. The common criterion for ductile fracture in industrial applications is the Forming Limit Diagram (FLD). This is only applicable for linear strain paths. However, in most industrial simulation cases non-linear strain paths occur. To resolve this problem, a phenomenological approach is introduced, the so-called Generalized Forming Limit Concept (GFLC). The GFLC enables prediction of localized necking on arbitrary non-linear strain paths. Another possibility is the use of the Time Dependent Evaluation Method (TDEM) within the simulation as a failure criteria. During the Numisheet Benchmark 1 (2014) a two-stage forming process was performed with three typical sheet materials (AA5182, DP600 and TRIP 780) and three different blank shapes. The task was to determinate the point in time and space of local instability. Therefore the strain path for the point of maximum local thinning is evaluated. To predict the start of local necking the Generalized Forming Limit Concept (GFLC), the Time Dependent Evaluation Method (TDEM) and the modified TDEM were applied. The results of the simulation are compared with the results of the Benchmark experiment.

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The authors appreciate the Numisheet 2014 committee for organizing Benchmark 1 “Nonlinear Strain Path Forming Limit of Reverse draw”, for execution of the experimental tests and material data.

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Correspondence to Christian Gaber.

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Gaber, C., Jocham, D., Weiss, H.A. et al. Evaluation of non-linear strain paths using Generalized Forming Limit Concept and a modification of the Time Dependent Evaluation Method. Int J Mater Form 10, 345–351 (2017).

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