Leukocyte cell population data (CPD) generated by hematology auto analyzers are reported to be useful in screening of sepsis patients. However, there is a paucity of literature highlighting the utility of CPD in screening of acute leukemias (AL). Leucocyte CPD obtained by Sysmex XN1000 hematology analyzer from 210 cases of ALs [22 acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL), 79 non-APL acute myeloid leukemia (non-APL-AML) and 109 acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL)] were compared with 100 healthy and 52 reactive controls. Receiver operator curves were drawn to determine the cut-off values of individual parameters. The regression equations combining the best parameters were then formulated to calculate a cut-off value for discrimination among AL subgroups and controls. Acute leukemias showed significant differences (p < 0.05) in various CPD parameters compared to control subjects. A combination of best CPD parameters discriminated ALs from healthy controls (cut off; 0.443, sensitivity of 94% and specificity of 91%), ALs from reactive controls (cut off; 0.576, sensitivity; 97%, specificity; 92%), APL from non-APL-AML (cut off; 0.174, sensitivity of 91% and specificity of 67%), and AML from ALL (cut off; 1.338, sensitivity; 86.1%, specificity; 75%). The CPD from Sysmex XN 1000 analyzer could be a useful tool in screening and lineage characterization of acute leukemias; particularly at centers where high-end technical expertise is still not available.