Bufalin Enhances the Cytotoxity of Human Multiple Myeloma Cells H929 to AKT Inhibitor MK2206: The Role of Protein AKT Phosphorylation
This study was purposed to investigate bufalin combined with AKT inhibitor MK2206 on growth inhibition and apoptosis of multiple myeloma cell line H929. CCK-8 assay and Annexin/PI staining were used to access the effects of bufalin and MK2206 in single or in combination, on inhibition of proliferation and induction of apoptosis in H929 cells. The apoptotic cells markedly increased after treated with nM bufalin and μM MK2206, including caspase3 and PARP1 proteins activated. The difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05) when compared with these drugs in single use. The apoptosis associated proteins and AKT/p-AKT proteins were determined by Western blots. We confirmed that AKT performed contradictory results in H929 with the two agents, and concluded p-AKT was vital in the synergy. The underlying mechanisms warrant further investigation.
KeywordsBufalin AKT p-AKT Multiple myeloma
This study was funded by Wenzhou Municipal Science and Technology Bureau (CN) (Grant Number 2014s0267).
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
All authors declare there is no conflict of interest.
This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.
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