Multiple Myeloma: Treatment is Getting Individualized

  • M. B. AgarwalEmail author
Review Article


Multiple myeloma (MM) is a heterogeneous disease with varied outcome. The novel agents including two major classes of drugs; the immunomodulatory drugs and the proteasome inhibitors with unprecedented response rates, have replaced conventional chemotherapy. With monoclonal antibodies on the horizon, outcome of this disorder will further improve. Progression in risk stratification systems has made it possible to predict the disease course as well as outcome in myeloma patients with disease categorization into low to high risk. In addition, detection of minimal residual disease by serum free light chain assay, flow cytometry, molecular techniques like polymerase chain reaction and positron emission tomography scan is playing an important role in modifying the treatment. An extensive research in the disease biology has improved our knowledge regarding interplay between myeloma cells and elements of the bone marrow microenvironment which contribute to sustain proliferation and survival as well as de novo drug resistance. Again, insight into the role of genetic and epigenetic interactions in MM has exposed new molecular targets. All these have opened the gateway for novel therapeutic strategies with focus on risk based individualized therapy.


Myeloma Personalized Treatment Risk Stratification Novel 



Professional medical writing support and editorial assistance was provided by DiagnoSearch Life Sciences (P) Ltd., funded by Bristol-Myers Squibb.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The author did not receive financial compensation for authoring the manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Indian Society of Haematology & Transfusion Medicine 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1. Department of HaematologyBombay Hospital Institute of Medical SciencesMumbaiIndia

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