Party system factors and the formation of minority governments in Central and Eastern Europe

A Qualitative Comparative Analysis
Aufsätze

Abstract

The formation of governments without a majority in parliament is a counterintuitive, albeit empirically relevant phenomenon: Minority governments make up about one-third of all governments in Europe. Yet minority governments in Central and Eastern Europe have hardly been studied. By means of a Qualitative Comparative Analysis, this article analyses the interplay of party system factors leading to the formation of minority governments in selected Central and Eastern European Countries (Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, the Slovak Republic and Romania) from the early 1990 s up to 2010. The interplay of a strong bifurcation of the party systems with a high percentage of parties excluded from coalition building or a lack of parties sharing the main policy positions turns out to be influential.

Keywords

Central and Eastern Europe Minority governments Coalition formation Qualitative Comparative Analysis 

Parteiensystemfaktoren und die Bildung von Minderheitsregierungen in Mittel- und Osteuropa

Eine Qualitative Comparative Analysis

Zusammenfassung

Die Bildung von Minderheitsregierungen ist ein Phänomen, das der Intuition widerspricht, aber empirisch relevant ist: Etwa ein Drittel aller Regierungen in Europa sind Minderheitsregierungen. Minderheitsregierungen in Mittel- und Osteuropa sind bisher kaum erforscht. Mit Hilfe einer Qualitative Comparative Analysis untersucht dieser Artikel den Einfluss des Zusammenspiels von Parteiensystemfaktoren auf die Bildung von Minderheitsregierungen in ausgewählten mittel- und osteuropäischen Staaten (Bulgarien, Estland, Lettland, Litauen, Polen, Slowakei, Tschechische Republik, Rumänien) von den frühen 1990er-Jahren bis 2010. Als relevant erweist sich das Zusammenspiel einer starken Zweiteilung des Parteiensystems mit einem hohen Prozentsatz von Parteien, die vom Koalitionsbildungsprozess ausgeschlossen sind, oder mit dem Fehlen potentieller programmatisch naher Koalitionspartner.

Schlüsselwörter

Mittel- und Osteuropa Minderheitsregierungen Regierungsbildung Qualitative Comparative Analysis 

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Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Europa-Universität ViadrinaFrankfurt (Oder)Germany

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