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Wenn Europa zum Problem wird die Effekte der Finanzkrise auf Euroskeptizismus und nationales Wahlverhalten in Mittel- und Osteuropa

  • Reinhard Heinisch
  • Bernd Schlipphak
Aufsätze

Zusammenfassung

Entgegen weitverbreiteter bisheriger Annahmen über die Kausalrichtung zwischen nationaler und europäischer Ebene wird in diesem Beitrag argumentiert, dass die Finanzkrise in Verbindung mit der Rolle europäischer Akteure einen Einfluss auf den individuellen Euroskeptizismus von Befragten und damit indirekt auf das Wahlverhalten zugunsten euroskeptischer und/oder extremistischer Parteien hat. Unser Argument basiert einerseits auf einer rationalistischen, andererseits auf einer psychologischen Perspektive. Da wir unser Argument anhand von Daten zweier Umfragen aus Ungarn und der Slowakei testen, erwarten wir zudem eine gewisse Varianz hinsichtlich der tatsächlichen Effekte aufgrund unterschiedlicher Hintergrundcharakteristiken dieser Länder. Ein erster empirischer Test bestätigt einige unserer Hypothesen vorsichtig, während die Resultate für andere Hypothesen nur gemischte Evidenz liefern.

Schlüsselwörter

Finanzkrise Euroskeptizismus Wahlverhalten Mitteleuropa 

When Europe becomes a problem: the effects of the financial crisis on euroscepticism and electoral behavior in Central and Eastern Europe

Abstract

Contrary to widespread assumptions about the flow of causality between the national and European level, this article argues that the European financial crisis—in conjunction with the role played by European actors—has shaped individual euroscepticism and has thus indirectly influenced individual electoral preferences in favor of eurosceptical and extremist parties. The argument is based on both a rationalist and a psychological explanation, derived from recent literature and tested based on data from surveys in Hungary and Slovakia. Owing to differences between the country contexts, we expect some variation regarding the individual-level effects. Initial empirical findings lend cautious support to some of our hypotheses, while results for our other hypotheses yield mixed evidence

Keywords

Financial crisis Euroscepticism Voting behavior Central Europe 

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Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Abteilung PolitikwissenschaftUniversität SalzburgSalzburgÖsterreich
  2. 2.Institut für PolitikwissenschaftUniversität MünsterMünsterDeutschland

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