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It’s the Youth, Stupid! Explaining labour market policy reactions to the crisis

  • Felix HörischEmail author
  • J. Timo Weishaupt
Aufsätze

Abstract

The global financial and economic crisis that has persisted since 2008 has triggered massive increases in unemployment in almost all Western industrialized nations. Consequently, in 2009, about half of the OECD countries tried to curb the increase in unemployment by introducing or expanding jobs in the so-called second labour market by means of direct job-creation measures. Why did the OECD countries opt for different types of interventions in the labour market in light of the financial crisis? In order to answer this question, we proceed in two steps. By applying a discriminant analysis, we first note that the fiscal scope and the increase in youth unemployment were the decisive predictors for direct job-creation measures. Subsequently we compare the changes in the labour market policies in three most different systems, namely Germany, Sweden and the United Kingdom.

Keywords

Labour market policy Financial crisis Discriminant analysis Germany Sweden United Kingdom 

It’s the Youth, Stupid! Erklärungsansätze für die arbeitsmarktpolitischen Reaktionen auf die Krise

Zusammenfassung

Die seit 2008 anhaltende internationale Finanz- und Wirtschaftskrise hat in nahezu allen westlichen Industrienationen zu einem massiven Anstieg der Arbeitslosigkeit geführt. Infolgedessen versuchte fast die Hälfte der OECD-Staaten im Jahr 2009, den Anstieg an Arbeitslosigkeit durch die Einführung oder Ausweitung des zweiten Arbeitsmarktes mittels direkter Arbeitsbeschaffungsmaßnahmen abzumildern. Wie kann diese unterschiedliche arbeitsmarktpolitische Reaktion auf die Finanzkrise erklärt werden? Die Antwort erfolgt in zwei Schritten: Zuerst wird mithilfe einer Diskriminanzanalyse herausgearbeitet, dass der fiskalpolitische Spielraum und der Anstieg an Jugendarbeitslosigkeit die entscheidenden Prädiktoren für die arbeitsmarktpolitische Reaktion waren. Im zweiten Schritt wird die arbeitsmarktpolitische Entwicklung in drei unterschiedlichen Fällen – Deutschland, Schweden und Großbritannien – verglichen.

Schlüsselwörter

Arbeitsmarktpolitik Finanzkrise Diskriminanzanalyse Deutschland Schweden Vereinigtes Königreich 

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Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Mannheimer Zentrum für Europäische Sozialforschung (MZES)Universität MannheimMannheimGermany
  2. 2.Fakultät für Sozialwissenschaften, A5Universität MannheimMannheimGermany

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