Current Fungal Infection Reports

, Volume 7, Issue 4, pp 311–319 | Cite as

Fungal Infections Associated with Travel

  • Clémence Richaud
  • David Lebeaux
  • Olivier Lortholary
Epidemiological Aspects of Fungal Infection (T Chiller and J Baddley, Section Editors)


International travel is increasing. As fungal infections associated with travel are rare diseases, they are often underestimated and misdiagnosed. Thus, updated knowledge in this area is of key importance for physicians not only for pretravel counselling but also for the management of patients upon their return. We present an update of data published in 2012 and 2013. We present an overview of epidemiological changes, especially new endemic areas, and the implications of climate and natural disasters. Through experimental and clinical data, new insights into the pathophysiology of fungal infections associated with travel have been obtained, especially for Cryptococcus spp. Recently published diagnostic tools could lead to faster and more accurate diagnosis. Lastly, recent prognostic and therapeutic data are emphasized.


Travel Immunodeficiency Cryptococcus Coccidioides Basidiobolus Penicillium marneffei Histoplasma 


Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Clémence Richaud
    • 1
  • David Lebeaux
    • 1
    • 3
  • Olivier Lortholary
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Sorbonne Paris Cité, AP-HP, Hôpital Necker Enfants Malades, Centre d’Infectiologie Necker-Pasteur and Institut ImagineUniversité Paris DescartesParisFrance
  2. 2.Centre National de Référence Mycoses Invasives et Antifongiques, CNRS URA3012Institut PasteurParisFrance
  3. 3.Hôpital Necker Enfants Malades, Centre d’Infectiologie Necker-PasteurParis Cedex 15France

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