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Epidemiologic and Ecologic Features of Blastomycosis: A Review

Abstract

Blastomycosis is a potentially fatal infection caused by Blastomyces dermatitidis, a fungus endemic to North America in areas surrounding the Ohio and Mississippi River valleys and the Great Lakes. The clinical manifestations, diagnostic techniques, and treatment strategies for blastomycosis are relatively well-described in the literature; however, the epidemiologic features of disease are not as clearly defined as those of other endemic mycoses, such as histoplasmosis and coccidioidomycosis. We review the ecologic and epidemiologic aspects of B. dermatitidis and blastomycosis, including geographic distribution, environmental niche, seasonality, and possible risk factors.

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The findings and conclusions of this article are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official position of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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K. Benedict: none; M. Roy: none; T. Chiller: none; J. P. Davis: none.

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Benedict, K., Roy, M., Chiller, T. et al. Epidemiologic and Ecologic Features of Blastomycosis: A Review. Curr Fungal Infect Rep 6, 327–335 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12281-012-0110-1

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Keywords

  • Blastomycosis
  • Blastomyces
  • Fungus
  • Epidemiology
  • Ecology
  • Risk factor
  • Prevention