Current Fungal Infection Reports

, Volume 6, Issue 3, pp 170–177 | Cite as

Recent Taxonomic Developments with Candida and Other Opportunistic Yeasts

Clinical Lab Issues (M Pfaller, Section Editor)

Abstract

Increases in susceptible patient populations and advances in identification methods have resulted in the continued recognition of novel yeasts as agents of human infection. Most of these agents are members of the well-recognized genera Candida, Cryptococcus, Trichosporon, and Rhodotorula. Some of these agents are “cryptic species,” members of species complexes, and may not be detectable using classical carbohydrate assimilation-based methods of yeast identification. Such species require DNA- or MALDI-based methods for correct identification, although sporadic isolates may not routinely require delineation to the individual species level. The coming end of the fungal taxonomy rules requiring separate names for sexual and asexual forms of the same fungus will hopefully allow greater clarity, as names for medically important yeast can now be based on the needs of the medical mycology community and the common goal of better communication between laboratory and clinician.

Keywords

Non-albicans Candida Candida species Cryptococcus species Trichosporon species Emerging fungal infections Antifungal resistance Yeast infection 

References

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC (outside the USA) 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Mycotic Diseases BranchCenters for Disease Control and PreventionAtlantaUSA

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