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Journal of Microbiology

, Volume 57, Issue 9, pp 717–724 | Cite as

Fungi in salterns

  • Dawoon ChungEmail author
  • Haryun Kim
  • Hyun Seok Choi
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Abstract

Salterns are hypersaline extreme environments with unique physicochemical properties such as a salinity gradient. Although the investigation of microbiota in salterns has focused on archaea and bacteria, diverse fungi also thrive in the brine and soil of salterns. Fungi isolated from salterns are represented by black yeasts (Hortaea werneckii, Phaeotheca triangularis, Aureobasidium pullulans, and Trimmatostroma salinum), Cladosporium, Aspergillus, and Penicillium species. Most studies on saltern-derived fungi gave attention to black yeasts and their physiological characteristics, including growth under various culture conditions. Since then, biochemical and molecular tools have been employed to explore adaptation of these fungi to salt stress. Genome databases of several fungi in salterns are now publicly available and being used to elucidate salt tolerance mechanisms and discover the target genes for agricultural and industrial applications. Notably, the number of enzymes and novel metabolites known to be produced by diverse saltern-derived fungi has increased significantly. Therefore, fungi in salterns are not only interesting and important subjects to study fungal biodiversity and adaptive mechanisms in extreme environments, but also valuable bioresources with potential for biotechnological applications.

Keywords

salterns halotolerant and halophilic fungi black yeasts biotechnological applications of fungi 

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Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by two individual grants from the National Marine Biodiversity Institute of Korea (MABIK, 2019M00400 and 2019M00700).

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© The Microbiological Society of Korea 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Marine Biodiversity Institute of KoreaSeocheonRepublic of Korea

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