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A general method for growth of perovskite single-crystal arrays for high performance photodetectors

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Abstract

Perovskite single-crystal arrays have attracted intensive attention because of their great potentials for integrated optoelectronic devices. However, the traditional top-down lithography strategy requires complex processing and is detrimental to perovskite crystal structures, which is incompatible to directly pattern perovskite single crystals. Herein, we report a lithography-free method to realize the controllable growth of perovskite single-crystal arrays. Through introducing a printed hydrophilic-hydrophobic substrate into the crystallization system, the MAPbCl3 single-crystal arrays with precise location and uniform size are effectively fabricated. This method can be applied to prepare diverse perovskite single-crystal arrays, including MAPbBr3, CsPbCl3, CsPbBr3, Cs3Cu2I5, Cs3Bi2I9, and (BA)2(MA)3Pb4I11. The perovskite single crystals can be selectively grown on the electrodes to fabricate ultraviolet photodetectors. The strategy demonstrates a facile approach to fabricate large-scale perovskite single-crystal arrays and opens a pathway to produce diverse perovskite optoelectronic devices.

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Acknowledgements

This work was supported financially by the National Key R&D Program of China (Nos. 2018YFA0208501 and 2018YFA0703200), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC, Nos. 91963212, 52103236, 51773206, 21875260, and 51961145102 [BRICS project]), K. C. Wong Education Foundation, Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences (No. BNLMS-CXXM-202005), the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (No. 2021TQ0285), and Outstanding Young Talent Research Fund of Zhengzhou University. The authors also thank the Advanced Analysis & Computation Center at Zhengzhou University for materials and device characterization support.

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Correspondence to Zhenkun Gu, Yiqiang Zhang or Yanlin Song.

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Wang, S., Gu, Z., Zhao, R. et al. A general method for growth of perovskite single-crystal arrays for high performance photodetectors. Nano Res. 15, 6568–6573 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12274-022-4205-x

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