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Nano Research

, Volume 12, Issue 4, pp 829–836 | Cite as

Ni@N-doped graphene nanosheets and CNTs hybrids modified separator as efficient polysulfide barrier for high-performance lithium sulfur batteries

  • Xintao Zuo
  • Mengmeng ZhenEmail author
  • Cheng WangEmail author
Research Article

Abstract

Lithium-sulfur batteries (LSBs) have been regarded as one of the most promising energy storage systems to break through the upper limit of lithium-ion batteries. However, the rampant diffusions of soluble lithium polysulfides (LiPSs) in the electrolyte induced the shuttle effect between anode and cathode, resulting in low sulfur utilization, low energy efficiency and short cycling life. Herein, we prove the rational design and construction of Ni nanoparticles filled in vertically grown N-doped bamboo-like carbon nanotubes (CNTs) on graphene nanosheets (Ni@NG-CNTs) as efficient polysulfide barrier for high-performance LSBs. The unique design integrates graphene nanosheets and CNTs into hierarchical architectures with one-dimensional (1D) CNTs, two-dimensional (2D) ultrathin nanosheets and abundant carbon nanocages. This design provides large surface area for lithium polysulfides (LiPSs) adsorption, accelerates electron transport and enhances electrochemical redox of LiPSs. Benefiting from the unique structural features, the LSBs with the Ni@NG-CNTs as polysulfide barrier keep high reversible specific capacities of 309.1 and 265.0 mAh·g−1 at 5 and 10 C rates after 500 cycles. This work provides a new strategy for constructing self-assembled hybrids of CNTs and graphene nanosheets with abundant carbon nanocages for high-performance LSBs.

Keywords

lithium-sulfur batteries self-assembled hierarchical architecture confined Ni nanoparticles abundant carbon nanocages modified separator 

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Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by funding from the Postdoctoral Science Foundation of China (No. 2017M611171), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) (Nos. 21571170, 21501168, and 51702236), Tianjin Municipal Science and Technology Commission (No. 17JCZDJC38000).

Supplementary material

12274_2019_2298_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (4.8 mb)
Ni@N-doped graphene nanosheets and CNTs hybrids modified separator as efficient polysulfide barrier for high-performance lithium sulfur batteries

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Copyright information

© Tsinghua University Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Tianjin Key Laboratory of Advanced Functional Porous Materials and Center for Electron Microscopy, Institute for New Energy Materials & Low-Carbon Technologies, School of Materials Science and EngineeringTianjin University of TechnologyTianjinChina
  2. 2.Tianjin Key Laboratory of Clean Energy and Pollution Control, School of Energy and Environmental EngineeringHebei University of TechnologyTianjinChina

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