Nano Research

, Volume 11, Issue 2, pp 780–790 | Cite as

Construction of Pd-M (M = Ni, Ag, Cu) alloy surfaces for catalytic applications

  • Xiang Li
  • Xixi Wang
  • Maochang Liu
  • Hongyang Liu
  • Qiang ChenEmail author
  • Yadong Yin
  • Mingshang JinEmail author
Research Article


The fabrication of ultrathin alloy shells as heterogeneous catalysts to increase the utilization efficiency and enhance the catalytic activity of metal atoms has been recognized as an effective method for the construction of efficient metal nanocatalysts, particularly noble-metal nanocatalysts. In this study, we demonstrate the successful formation of Pd-M (M = Ni, Ag, Cu) alloy shells with a tunable thickness on preformed nanoscale Pd seeds. The success of this synthesis mainly relies on the combination of the slow reduction of “M” ions and the subsequent diffusion of M ad-atoms into the surface lattice of Pd seeds. The composition of the Pd-M alloy shell is easily tuned by changing the type and amount of the added precursor, and the shell thickness is manipulated according to the reaction time. More significantly, the surface structure of these alloy shells is maintained after the reaction, implying that any desired surface structure of Pd-M alloy shells can be prepared by using the appropriate starting materials. Further catalytic evaluation of the hydrogenation of chloronitrobenzenes shows that these alloy surfaces exhibit significantly improved selectivity compared to the Pd seeds. The Pd-Ni alloy surfaces exhibit much better catalytic selectivity (as high as > 99%) than Pd catalysts.


Pd alloy catalyst shape control hydrogenation 


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M. S. J. is grateful for the funding support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 21471123, 21403160) and Xi’an Jiaotong University (the start-up fund). Q. C. acknowledges the funding from the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (No. 2015M582634), “the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities” and State Key Laboratory of Chemical Resource Engineering. Y. D. Y. acknowledges support from the U. S. National Science Foundation (No. CHE-1308587).

Supplementary material

12274_2017_1687_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (4.2 mb)
Construction of Pd-M (M = Ni, Ag, Cu) alloy surfaces for catalytic applications


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© Tsinghua University Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Frontier Institute of Science and Technology (FIST), School of Chemical Engineering and Technology and State Key Laboratory of Multiphase Flow in Power EngineeringXi’an Jiaotong UniversityXi’anChina
  2. 2.Shenyang National Laboratory for Materials Science, Institute of Metal ResearchChinese Academy of SciencesShenyangChina
  3. 3.State Key Laboratory of Chemical Resource EngineeringBeijing University of Chemical TechnologyBeijingChina
  4. 4.Department of ChemistryUniversity of CaliforniaRiversideUSA

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