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Nano Research

, Volume 10, Issue 12, pp 4318–4326 | Cite as

Free-standing porous carbon electrodes derived from wood for high-performance Li-O2 battery applications

  • Jingru Luo
  • Xiahui Yao
  • Lei Yang
  • Yang Han
  • Liao Chen
  • Xiumei Geng
  • Vivek Vattipalli
  • Qi Dong
  • Wei Fan
  • Dunwei Wang
  • Hongli Zhu
Research Article

Abstract

Porous carbon materials are widely used in particulate forms for energy applications such as fuel cells, batteries, and (super) capacitors. To better hold the particles together, polymeric additives are utilized as binders, which not only increase the weight and volume of the devices, but also cause adverse side effects. We developed a wood-derived, free-standing porous carbon electrode and successfully applied it as a cathode in Li-O2 batteries. The spontaneously formed hierarchical porous structure exhibits good performance in facilitating the mass transport and hosting the discharge products of Li2O2. Heteroatom (N) doping further improves the catalytic activity of the carbon cathode with lower overpotential and higher capacity. Overall, the Li-O2 battery based on the new carbon cathode affords a stable energy efficiency of 65% and can be operated for 20 cycles at a discharge depth of 70%. The wood-derived free-standing carbon represents a new, unique structure for energy applications.

Keywords

bio-inspired free-standing electrode porous carbon lithium oxygen batteries 

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Notes

Acknowledgements

This work is supported by Boston College. H. Zhu. We acknowledge the Northeastern University Startup and Tier 1 support. XPS was performed at the Center for Nanoscale Systems (CNS), a member of the National Nanotechnology Infrastructure Network (NNIN), which is supported by the National Science Foundation under NSF (No. 1541959). CNS is part of Harvard University. XRD was performed at the MIT Center of Material Science and Engineering.

Supplementary material

12274_2017_1660_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (2.1 mb)
Free-standing porous carbon electrodes derived from wood for high-performance Li-O2 battery applications

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Copyright information

© Tsinghua University Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jingru Luo
    • 1
  • Xiahui Yao
    • 1
  • Lei Yang
    • 2
  • Yang Han
    • 2
  • Liao Chen
    • 2
  • Xiumei Geng
    • 2
  • Vivek Vattipalli
    • 3
  • Qi Dong
    • 1
  • Wei Fan
    • 3
  • Dunwei Wang
    • 1
  • Hongli Zhu
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry, Merkert Chemistry CenterBoston CollegeChestnut HillUSA
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical and Industrial EngineeringNortheastern UniversityBostonUSA
  3. 3.Chemical Engineering DepartmentUniversity of Massachusetts AmherstAmherstUSA

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