Nano Research

, Volume 10, Issue 10, pp 3585–3595 | Cite as

NaFeTiO4 nanorod/multi-walled carbon nanotubes composite as an anode material for sodium-ion batteries with high performances in both half and full cells

Research Article
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Abstract

NaFeTiO4 nanorods of high yields (with diameters in the range of 30–50 nm and lengths of up to 1–5 μm) were synthesized by a facile sol–gel method and were utilized as an anode material for sodium-ion batteries for the first time. The obtained NaFeTiO4 nanorods exhibit a high initial discharge capacity of 294 mA·h·g−1 at 0.2 C (1 C = 177 mA·g–1), and remain at 115 mA·h·g–1 after 50 cycles. Furthermore, multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) were mechanically milled with the pristine material to obtain NaFeTiO4/MWCNTs. The NaFeTiO4/ MWCNTs electrode exhibits a significantly improved electrochemical performance with a stable discharge capacity of 150 mA·h·g–1 at 0.2 C after 50 cycles, and remains at 125 mA·h·g–1 at 0.5 C after 420 cycles. The NaFeTiO4/MWCNTs//Na3V2(PO4)3/C full cell was assembled for the first time; it displays a discharge capacity of 70 mA·h·g−1 after 50 cycles at 0.05 C, indicating its excellent performances. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, ex situ X-ray diffraction, and Raman measurements were performed to investigate the initial electrochemical mechanisms of the obtained NaFeTiO4/MWCNTs.

Keywords

nanorods sodium-ion batteries multi-walled carbon nanotubes full cell 

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NaFeTiO4 nanorod/multi-walled carbon nanotubes composite as an anode material for sodium-ion batteries with high performances in both half and full cells

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Copyright information

© Tsinghua University Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Colloid & Interface Chemistry (Shandong University), Ministry of Education and School of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringShandong UniversityJinanChina

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