Nano Research

, Volume 10, Issue 10, pp 3534–3542 | Cite as

Tribotronic triggers and sequential logic circuits

Research Article


In this paper, a floating-gate tribotronic transistor (FGTT) based on a mobile triboelectric layer and a traditional silicon-based field-effect transistor (FET) is proposed. In the FGTT, the triboelectric charges in the layer created by contact electrification can be used to modulate charge carrier transport in the transistor. Based on the FGTTs and FETs, a tribotronic negated AND (NAND) gate that achieves mechanical-electrical coupled inputs, logic operations, and electrical level outputs is fabricated. By further integrating tribotronic NAND gates with traditional digital circuits, several basic units such as the tribotronic S-R trigger, D trigger, and T trigger have been demonstrated. Additionally, tribotronic sequential logic circuits such as registers and counters have also been integrated to enable external contact triggered storage and computation. In contrast to the conventional sequential logic units controlled by electrical signals, contact-triggered tribotronic sequential logic circuits are able to realize direct interaction and integration with the external environment. This development can lead to their potential application in micro/nano-sensors, electromechanical storage, interactive control, and intelligent instrumentation.


tribotronics tribotronic transistor triboelectric nanogenerator trigger sequential logic circuits 


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The authors thank the support of National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 51475099 and 51432005), Beijing Natural Science Foundation (No. 4163077), Beijing Nova Program (No. Z171100001117054), the Youth Innovation Promotion Association, CAS (No. 2014033), the “thousands talents” program for the pioneer researcher and his innovation team, China, and National Key Research and Development Program of China (No.2016YFA0202704).

Supplementary material

12274_2017_1564_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (908 kb)
Tribotronic triggers and sequential logic circuits

Supplementary material, approximately 16.9 MB.

Supplementary material, approximately 7.08 MB.


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Copyright information

© Tsinghua University Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Beijing Institute of Nanoenergy and NanosystemsChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.National Center for Nanoscience and TechnologyBeijingChina
  3. 3.School of Material Science and EngineeringGeorgia Institute of TechnologyAtlantaUSA

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