Nano Research

, Volume 10, Issue 9, pp 3202–3211 | Cite as

FeSe2 clusters with excellent cyclability and rate capability for sodium-ion batteries

Research Article

Abstract

Sodium-ion batteries (SIBs) have great promise for sustainable and economical energy-storage applications. Nevertheless, it is a major challenge to develop anode materials with high capacity, high rate capability, and excellent cycling stability for them. In this study, FeSe2 clusters consisting of nanorods were synthesized by a facile hydrothermal method, and their sodium-storage properties were investigated with different electrolytes. The FeSe2 clusters delivered high electrochemical performance with an ether-based electrolyte in a voltage range of 0.5–2.9 V. A high discharge capacity of 515 mAh·g–1 was obtained after 400 cycles at 1 A·g–1, with a high initial columbic efficiency of 97.4%. Even at an ultrahigh rate of 35 A·g–1, a specific capacity of 128 mAh·g–1 was achieved. Using calculations, we revealed that the pseudocapacitance significantly contributed to the sodium-ion storage, especially at high current rates, leading to a high rate capability. The high comprehensive performance of the FeSe2 clusters makes them a promising anode material for SIBs.

Keywords

FeSe2 clusters superior rate capability excellent cycling stability sodium-ion batteries pseudocapacitive behavior 

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FeSe2 clusters with excellent cyclability and rate capability for sodium-ion batteries

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Copyright information

© Tsinghua University Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiujuan Wei
    • 1
  • Chunjuan Tang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Qinyou An
    • 1
  • Mengyu Yan
    • 1
  • Xuanpeng Wang
    • 1
  • Ping Hu
    • 1
  • Xinyin Cai
    • 1
  • Liqiang Mai
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Advanced Technology for Materials Synthesis and ProcessingWuhan University of TechnologyWuhanChina
  2. 2.Department of Mathematics and PhysicsLuoyang Institute of Science and TechnologyLuoyangChina
  3. 3.Department of ChemistryUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA

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