Nano Research

, Volume 10, Issue 9, pp 3151–3163 | Cite as

Fluorination of suspended graphene

  • Claudia Struzzi
  • Mattia Scardamaglia
  • Nicolas Reckinger
  • Jean-François Colomer
  • Hikmet Sezen
  • Matteo Amati
  • Luca Gregoratti
  • Rony Snyders
  • Carla Bittencourt
Research Article

Abstract

Suspended graphene is exposed to different fluorine-containing species produced by a plasma source fed with CF4 precursor gas. We investigate the fluorination process by selecting two different kinetic energies for the ions striking the graphene surface. The chemical-bonding environment is discussed, and the control of the graphene-fluorination homogeneity is investigated at the individual graphene sheets. The modifications of the electronic and structural properties are examined by scanning photoelectron microscopy, micro-Raman analysis, and scanning electron microscopy. The results are compared with those obtained for supported graphene on copper. Suspended graphene provides a quasi-ideal model for investigating the intrinsic properties of irradiated carbon nano-systems while avoiding damage due to backscattered atoms and recoil due to a supporting substrate.

Keywords

graphene fluorination spectromicroscopy X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) Raman scanning electron microscopy (SEM) 

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Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the Belgian Fund for Scientific Research (FRS-FNRS) under the FRFC contract “CHEMOGRAPHENE” (No. 2.4577.11). This research was also supported by a Marie Curie International Research Staff Exchange Scheme Fellowship within the 7th European Community Framework Programme “NanoCF” (No. PIRSES-GA-2013-612577). C. S. is grateful to the “Fonds pour la Formation à la Recherche dans l’Industrie et dans l’Agriculture” (F.R.I.A.) for the doctoral fellowship. M. S. is FRS-FNRS post-doctoral researcher, J.-F. C. and C. B. are Researcher Associates at the FRS-FNRS. We thank M. Fant for technical assistance at the Elettra synchrotron, Y. Paint for SEM. The research leading to this work also received funding from the European Union Seventh Framework Program under grant agreement No 604391 Graphene Flagship.

Supplementary material

12274_2017_1532_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (1.7 mb)
Fluorination of suspended graphene

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Copyright information

© Tsinghua University Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Claudia Struzzi
    • 1
  • Mattia Scardamaglia
    • 1
  • Nicolas Reckinger
    • 2
  • Jean-François Colomer
    • 2
  • Hikmet Sezen
    • 3
  • Matteo Amati
    • 3
  • Luca Gregoratti
    • 3
  • Rony Snyders
    • 1
    • 4
  • Carla Bittencourt
    • 1
  1. 1.Chimie des Interactions Plasma-Surface, CIRMAPUniversity of MonsMonsBelgium
  2. 2.Research Group on Carbon Nanostructures (CARBONNAGe)University of NamurNamurBelgium
  3. 3.Elettra - Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A. di interesse nazionaleTriesteItaly
  4. 4.Materia Nova Research CenterMonsBelgium

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