Nano Research

, Volume 10, Issue 9, pp 3136–3150 | Cite as

Unexpected elastic isotropy in a black phosphorene/TiC2 van der Waals heterostructure with flexible Li-ion battery anode applications

Research Article

Abstract

Recently, flexible electrodes with biaxial/omnidirectional stretchability have attracted significant attention. However, most existing pliable electrode materials can be only stretched in one direction. In this work, an unexpected isotropic van der Waals (vdW) heterostructure is proposed, based on the assembly of two-dimensional crystals of anisotropic black phosphorene (BP) and transition metal carbide (TiC2). Using vdW-corrected density functional theory calculations, the BP/TiC2 vdW heterostructure was predicted to have excellent structural and mechanical stability, superior electrical conductivity, omnidirectional flexibility, and a high Li storage capacity. We have unraveled the physical origin of the excellent stability, as well as the Li adsorption preferences of the lithiated heterostructure, based on a three-step analysis of the stability of the Li-adsorption processes. In addition, the BP/TiC2 vdW heterostructure can also be applied as the anode material for flexible Na-ion batteries because of its high Na storage capacity and strong Na binding. However, compared with Na adsorption, the capacity is higher, and the adsorption energy is more negative for Li adsorption. Our findings provide valuable insights into the exploration of a rich variety of vdW heterostructures for next-generation flexible energy storage devices.

Keywords

van der Waals heterostructure omnidirectional stretchability Li adsorption flexible anode first-principles calculations 

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Unexpected elastic isotropy in a black phosphorene/TiC2 van der Waals heterostructure with flexible Li-ion battery anode applications

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© Tsinghua University Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Multiscale Computational Materials Facility, College of Materials Science and EngineeringFuzhou UniversityFuzhouChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Eco-Materials Advanced Technology (Fuzhou University)Fujian Province UniversityFuzhouChina
  3. 3.School of Materials Science and Engineering, and Center for Integrated Computational Materials Engineering, International Research Institute for Multidisciplinary ScienceBeihang UniversityBeijingChina
  4. 4.Guangdong Engineering Technology Research Center of Efficient Green Energy and Environmental Protection Materials, School of Physics and Telecommunication EngineeringSouth China Normal UniversityGuangzhouChina

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