Determination of the acidic properties of carboxylated carbocatalysts in an acid-catalyzed ring-opening reaction using kinetic profiling
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The acid-catalyzed ring-opening reaction of styrene oxide was used as a probe reaction for evaluating the acidic properties of carboxylated carbocatalysts. Significant discrepancies in the initial reaction rates were normalized using the total number of carboxyl groups, and demonstrated that the average catalytic activities of the carboxyl moieties on the carbocatalysts differed. Comparisons between the apparent activation energy E a and the pre-exponential factor A, derived from Arrhenius analysis, demonstrated that A varied more significantly, and therefore had a more significant effect on the reaction rates than E a. The variation in the calculated pKa values of the carboxyl groups was attributed to the electronic effects of the nitro groups. This hypothesis was supported by the temperature programmed desorption profiles of nitrogen monoxide ions.
Keywordscarboxylated carbocatalysts acidic properties ring-opening reaction Arrhenius analysis pKa values electronic effect
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Financial support is provided by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos.21133010, 51221264, 91545119, 91545110, 21261160487, 21411130120, 21473223 and 21503241), the “Strategic Priority Research Program” of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) (No.XDA09030103), CAS/State Administration for Foreign Experts Affairs (SAFEA) International Partnership Program for Creative Research Teams and the Doctoral Starting up Foundation of Liaoning Province, China (No.20121068).
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