Nano Research

, Volume 10, Issue 9, pp 2923–2933 | Cite as

Sandwich-structured nanocomposites of N-doped graphene and nearly monodisperse Fe3O4 nanoparticles as high-performance Li-ion battery anodes

Research Article


Iron oxides have attracted considerable interest as abundant materials for high-capacity Li-ion battery anodes. However, their fast capacity fading owing to poorly controlled reversibility of the conversion reactions greatly hinders their application. Here, a sandwich-structured nanocomposite of N-doped graphene and nearly monodisperse Fe3O4 nanoparticles were developed as high-performance Li-ion battery anode. N-doped graphene serves as a conducting framework for the self-assembled structure and controls Fe3O4 nucleation through the interaction of N dopants, surfactant molecules, and iron precursors. Fe3O4 nanoparticles were well dispersed with a uniform diameter of ~15 nm. The unique sandwich structure enables good electron conductivity and Li-ion accessibility and accommodates a large volume change. Hence, it delivers good cycling reversibility and rate performance with a capacity of ~1,227 mA·h·g–1 and 96.8% capacity retention over 1,000 cycles at a current density of 3 A·g–1. Our work provides an ideal structure design for conversion anodes or other electrode materials requiring a large volume change.


N-doped graphene iron oxides self-assembly Li-ion battery density functional theory 


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Sandwich-structured nanocomposites of N-doped graphene and nearly monodisperse Fe3O4 nanoparticles as high-performance Li-ion battery anodes


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Copyright information

© Tsinghua University Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wen Qi
    • 1
  • Xuan Li
    • 2
  • Hui Li
    • 3
  • Weikang Wu
    • 3
  • Pei Li
    • 2
  • Ying Wu
    • 1
  • Chunjiang Kuang
    • 1
  • Shaoxiong Zhou
    • 1
  • Xiaolin Li
    • 4
  1. 1.Beijing Key Laboratory of Energy Nanomaterials, Advance Technology & Materials Co., LtdChina Iron & Steel Research Institute GroupBeijingChina
  2. 2.School of Materials Science and EngineeringTianjin UniversityTianjinChina
  3. 3.Key Laboratory for Liquid−Solid Structural Evolution and Processing of Materials, Ministry of EducationShandong UniversityJinanChina
  4. 4.Department of Stationary Energy StoragePacific Northwest National LaboratoryRichlandUSA

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