Nano Research

, Volume 10, Issue 6, pp 2168–2180 | Cite as

Gallium bismuth halide GaBi-X2 (X = I, Br, Cl) monolayers with distorted hexagonal framework: Novel room-temperature quantum spin Hall insulators

  • Linyang LiEmail author
  • Ortwin LeenaertsEmail author
  • Xiangru KongEmail author
  • Xin Chen
  • Mingwen Zhao
  • François M. PeetersEmail author
Research Article


Quantum spin Hall (QSH) insulators with a large topologically nontrivial bulk gap are crucial for future applications of the QSH effect. Among these, group III–V monolayers and their halides, which have a chair structure (regular hexagonal framework), have been widely studied. Using first-principles calculations, we formulate a new structure model for the functionalized group III–V monolayers, which consist of rectangular GaBi-X2 (X = I, Br, Cl) monolayers with a distorted hexagonal framework (DHF). These structures have a far lower energy than the GaBi-X2 monolayers with a chair structure. Remarkably, the DHF GaBi-X2 monolayers are all QSH insulators, which exhibit sizeable nontrivial bandgaps ranging from 0.17 to 0.39 eV. The bandgaps can be widely tuned by applying different spin-orbit coupling strengths, resulting in a distorted Dirac cone.


quantum spin Hall (QSH) insulators first-principles calculations GaBi-X2 (X = I, Br, Cl) monolayers distorted hexagonal framework distorted Dirac cone 


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This work was supported by the Fonds Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek (FWO-Vl). The computational resources and services used in this work were provided by the VSC (Flemish Supercomputer Center), funded by the Research Foundation-Flanders (FWO) and the Flemish Government–department EWI.

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Gallium bismuth halide GaBi-X2 (X = I, Br, Cl) monolayers with distorted hexagonal framework: Novel room-temperature quantum spin Hall insulators


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© Tsinghua University Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhysicsUniversity of AntwerpAntwerpBelgium
  2. 2.International Center for Quantum MaterialsPeking UniversityBeijingChina
  3. 3.School of Physics and State Key Laboratory of Crystal MaterialsShandong UniversityJinanChina

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