A Prussian blue route to nitrogen-doped graphene aerogels as efficient electrocatalysts for oxygen reduction with enhanced active site accessibility

Abstract

Developing high-performance nonprecious-metal electrocatalysts for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) is crucial for a variety of renewable energy conversion and storage systems. Toward that end, rational catalyst design principles that lead to highly active catalytic centers and enhanced active site accessibility are undoubtedly of paramount importance. Here, we used Prussian blue nanoparticles to anchor Fe/Fe3C species to nitrogen-doped reduced graphene oxide aerogels as ORR catalysts. The strong interaction between nanosized Fe3C and the graphitic carbon shell led to synergistic effects in the ORR, and the protection of the carbon shell guaranteed stability of the catalyst. As a result, the aerogel electrocatalyst displayed outstanding activity in the ORR on par with the state-of-the-art Pt/C catalyst at the same mass loading in alkaline media, good performance in acidic media, and excellent stability and crossover tolerance that rivaled that of the best nonprecious-metal ORR electrocatalysts reported to date.

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Acknowledgements

We acknowledge the support from Global Climate and Energy Projects (GCEP) at Stanford University.

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Correspondence to Yi Cui.

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Liu, Y., Wang, H., Lin, D. et al. A Prussian blue route to nitrogen-doped graphene aerogels as efficient electrocatalysts for oxygen reduction with enhanced active site accessibility. Nano Res. 10, 1213–1222 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12274-016-1300-x

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Keywords

  • oxygen reduction reaction
  • Prussian blue nanoparticles
  • reduced graphene oxide aerogel
  • nitrogen doping