Nano Research

, Volume 9, Issue 4, pp 996–1004 | Cite as

Porous ternary complex metal oxide nanoparticles converted from core/shell nanoparticles

  • Jaewon Lee
  • Huazhang Zhu
  • Gautam Ganapati Yadav
  • James Caruthers
  • Yue Wu
Research Article


We demonstrate an easy and scalable low-temperature process to convert porous ternary complex metal oxide nanoparticles from solution-synthesized core/shell metal oxide nanoparticles by thermal annealing. The final products demonstrate superior electrochemical properties with a large capacity and high stability during fast charging/discharging cycles for potential applications as advanced lithium-ion battery (LIB) electrode materials. In addition, a new breakdown mechanism was observed on these novel electrode materials.


ternary complex metal oxide porous nanoparticle lithium-ion battery core/shell nanoparticles 


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Supplementary material

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Copyright information

© Tsinghua University Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jaewon Lee
    • 2
  • Huazhang Zhu
    • 3
  • Gautam Ganapati Yadav
    • 2
  • James Caruthers
    • 2
  • Yue Wu
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.School of Chemical and Environmental EngineeringShanghai Institute of TechnologyShanghaiChina
  2. 2.School of Chemical EngineeringPurdue UniversityWest LafayetteUSA
  3. 3.Department of Chemical and Biological EngineeringIowa State UniversityAmesUSA
  4. 4.Energy InstituteCity College of New YorkNew YorkUSA

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