Nano Research

, Volume 8, Issue 1, pp 129–139 | Cite as

Microporous bamboo biochar for lithium-sulfur batteries

  • Xingxing Gu
  • Yazhou Wang
  • Chao Lai
  • Jingxia Qiu
  • Sheng Li
  • Yanglong HouEmail author
  • Wayde Martens
  • Nasir Mahmood
  • Shanqing ZhangEmail author
Research Article


Being simple, inexpensive, scalable and environmentally friendly, microporous biomass biochars have been attracting enthusiastic attention for application in lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries. Herein, porous bamboo biochar is activated via a KOH/annealing process that creates a microporous structure, boosts surface area and enhances electronic conductivity. The treated sample is used to encapsulate sulfur to prepare a microporous bamboo carbon-sulfur (BC-S) nanocomposite for use as the cathode for Li-S batteries for the first time. The BC-S nanocomposite with 50 wt.% sulfur content delivers a high initial capacity of 1,295 mA·h/g at a low discharge rate of 160 mA/g and high capacity retention of 550 mA·h/g after 150 cycles at a high discharge rate of 800 mA/g with excellent coulombic efficiency (⩾95%). This suggests that the BC-S nanocomposite could be a promising cathode material for Li-S batteries.


biochars lithium-sulfur batteries microporous structure bamboo carbon-sulfur composites 


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Supplementary material

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Copyright information

© Tsinghua University Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xingxing Gu
    • 1
  • Yazhou Wang
    • 1
  • Chao Lai
    • 1
  • Jingxia Qiu
    • 1
  • Sheng Li
    • 1
  • Yanglong Hou
    • 2
    Email author
  • Wayde Martens
    • 3
  • Nasir Mahmood
    • 2
  • Shanqing Zhang
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Centre for Clean Environment and Energy, Environmental Futures Research Institute, Griffith School of Environment, Gold Coast CampusGriffith UniversityGold CoastAustralia
  2. 2.Department of Materials Science and Engineering, College of EngineeringPeking UniversityBeijingChina
  3. 3.Science and Engineering FacultyQueensland University of TechnologyGold CoastAustralia

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