Nano Research

, Volume 7, Issue 8, pp 1215–1223 | Cite as

Transparent paper-based triboelectric nanogenerator as a page mark and anti-theft sensor

  • Limin Zhang
  • Fei Xue
  • Weiming Du
  • Changbao Han
  • Chi Zhang
  • Zhonglin WangEmail author
Research Article


The triboelectric nanogenerator (TENG), based on the well-known triboelectric effect and electrostatic induction effect, has been proven to be a simple, cost effective approach for self-powered systems to convert ambient mechanical energy into electricity. We report a flexible and transparent paper-based triboelectric nanogenerator (PTENG) consisting of an indium tin oxide (ITO) film and a polyethylene terephthalate (PET) film as the triboelectric surfaces, which not only acts as an energy supply but also as a self-powered active sensor. It can harvest kinetic energy when the sheets of paper come into contact, bend or slide relative to one another by a combination of vertical contact-separation mode and lateral sliding mode. In addition, we also integrate grating-structured PTENGs into a book as a self-powered anti-theft sensor. The mechanical agitation during handling the book pages can be effectively converted into an electrical output to either drive a commercial electronic device or trigger a warning buzzer. Furthermore, different grating-structures on each page produce different numbers of output peaks by sliding relative to one another, which can accurately act as a page mark and record the number of pages turned. This work is a significant step forward in self-powered paper-based devices.


paper-based triboelectric nanogenerator self-powered systems anti-theft sensor position indium tin oxide 


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Copyright information

© Tsinghua University Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Limin Zhang
    • 1
  • Fei Xue
    • 1
  • Weiming Du
    • 1
  • Changbao Han
    • 1
  • Chi Zhang
    • 1
  • Zhonglin Wang
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Beijing Institute of Nanoenergy and NanosystemsChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.School of Material Science and EngineeringGeorgia Institute of TechnologyAtlantaUSA

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