Nano Research

, Volume 7, Issue 1, pp 104–109

Fabrication of periodically aligned vertical single-crystalline anatase TiO2 nanotubes with perfect hexagonal open-ends using chemical capping materials

Research Article


A vertically aligned anatase TiO2 (A-TiO2) nanotube array has been fabricated by coating a ZnO nanorod (NR) template with a TiO2 precursor solution. After coating, the ZnO NR cores were selectively etched in an acidic environment to form TiO2 nanotubes (NTs). More specifically, after growing the ZnO NRs via a hydrothermal method, one drop of the TiO2 precursor solution was cast to coat the ZnO NRs, the tops of which were previously covered with chemical capping materials by electrostatic interaction, and then the sample was sintered. Finally, the sample was immersed in an acidic solution resulting in selective etching of the ZnO NR cores. Thus, only TiO2 NTs remained on the substrate. The capping material is effectively used to create a perfect, hexagonal open-ended TiO2 NT array, which interestingly extends onset absorption towards the visible region.


TiO2 nanotubes chemical capping material ZnO nanorod template laser interference lithography 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Supplementary material

12274_2013_377_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (1.4 mb)
Supplementary material, approximately 1.11 MB.

Copyright information

© Tsinghua University Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Materials Science and EngineeringGwangju Institute of Science and Technology (GIST)GwangjuRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Department of Chemistry and Interdisciplinary Program of Integrated BiotechnologySogang UniversitySeoulRepublic of Korea
  3. 3.Department of General Dentistry, College of DentistryYonsei UniversitySeoulRepublic of Korea

Personalised recommendations