Nano Research

, Volume 3, Issue 6, pp 444–451

Theoretical and experimental studies of Schottky diodes that use aligned arrays of single-walled carbon nanotubes

Open Access
Research Article

DOI: 10.1007/s12274-010-0004-x

Cite this article as:
Ho, X., Ye, L., Rotkin, S.V. et al. Nano Res. (2010) 3: 444. doi:10.1007/s12274-010-0004-x


We present theoretical and experimental studies of Schottky diodes that use aligned arrays of single-walled carbon nanotubes. A simple physical model, taking into account the basic physics of current rectification, can adequately describe the single-tube and array devices. We show that for as-grown array diodes, the rectification ratio, defined by the maximum-to-minimum-current-ratio, is low due to the presence of metallic-single-walled nanotube (SWNT) shunts. These tubes can be eliminated in a single voltage sweep resulting in a high rectification array device. Further analysis also shows that the channel resistance, and not the intrinsic nanotube diode properties, limits the rectification in devices with channel length up to 10 μm.


Schottky diodes aligned arrays single-walled carbon nanotubes 
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Supplementary material

12274_2010_4_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (630 kb)
Supplementary material, approximately 340 KB.

Copyright information

© Tsinghua University Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xinning Ho
    • 1
  • Lina Ye
    • 1
    • 2
  • Slava V. Rotkin
    • 3
    • 4
  • Xu Xie
    • 1
  • Frank Du
    • 1
  • Simon Dunham
    • 1
  • Jana Zaumseil
    • 5
  • John A. Rogers
    • 1
    • 6
    • 7
  1. 1.Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Beckman Institute, and Frederick Seitz Materials Research LaboratoryUniversity of Illinois at Urbana-ChampaignUrbanaUSA
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryUniversity of Science and Technology of ChinaHefeiChina
  3. 3.Department of PhysicsLehigh UniversityBethlehemUSA
  4. 4.Centre for Advanced Materials and NanotechnologyLehigh UniversityBethlehemUSA
  5. 5.Center for Nanoscale MaterialsArgonne National LaboratoryArgonneUSA
  6. 6.Department of ChemistryUniversity of Illinois at Urbana-ChampaignUrbanaUSA
  7. 7.Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Mechanical Science and EngineeringUniversity of Illinois at Urbana-ChampaignUrbanaUSA

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