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Comparative antihypertensive activities of losartan and HM70186 in rats with hepatic dysfunction

Abstract

HM70186, a medoxomil ester of EXP3174 which is an active metabolite of angiotensin II receptor blocker losartan, was synthesized, and its antihypertensive efficacy was evaluated in rats with hepatic dysfunction. Male Wistar rats were intraperitoneally injected with 0.5 mL/kg of carbon tetrachloride to cause hepatic injury, and implanted with an osmotic minipump containing angiotensin II (0.4 mg/kg/day) to induce hypertension. After confirmation of both hepatic damage and hypertension, the rats were orally administered losartan or HM70186, and then blood pressure and heart rate were monitored for 24 h. In normal animals, angiotensin II-induced hypertension was lowered by losartan, resulting in an ED−30 mmHg of 9.05 mg/kg. HM70186 also immediately decreased the blood pressure in a dose-dependent manner, exhibiting an ED−30 mmHg of 0.89 ng/kg (10,000 times the potency observed with losartan). Moreover, HM70186 (3 ng/kg) exerted a strong antihypertensive effect even in rats with hepatic injury, while losartan (10 μg/kg) was ineffective. These results suggest that HM70186 could be a promising candidate for the treatment of hypertension accompanied by hepatic dysfunction.

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Correspondence to Yun-Bae Kim.

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Choi, JH., Shin, S., Park, D. et al. Comparative antihypertensive activities of losartan and HM70186 in rats with hepatic dysfunction. Arch. Pharm. Res. 32, 1005–1011 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12272-009-1705-0

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12272-009-1705-0

Key words

  • Hypertension
  • Angiotensin II
  • Losartan
  • HM70186
  • Hepatic dysfunction