Der Beitrag der Gene beim Parkinson-Syndrom
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In the past two decades, a number of genetic causes of Parkinson disease (PD) have been elucidated. This includes both monogenic forms in which a single mutation is sufficient to cause PD and genetic risk factors. The latter only increase the susceptibility for PD and additional, likely environmental hits are necessary to develop the disease. PD genes such as LRRK2 and Parkin often encode proteins involved in mitochondrial function, protein degradation, or response to oxidative stress.
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