Leukemia Inhibitory Factor Increases Survival of Pluripotent Stem Cell-Derived Cardiomyocytes

  • Carolina Blüguermann
  • Leonardo Romorini
  • Denis Evseenko
  • Ximena Garate
  • Gabriel Neiman
  • Gustavo Emilio Sevlever
  • María Elida Scassa
  • Santiago Gabriel MiriukaEmail author
Original Article


Leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) is a growth factor with pleiotropic biological functions. It has been reported that LIF acts at different stages during mesoderm development. Also, it has been shown that LIF has a cytoprotective effect on neonatal murine cardiomyocytes (CMs) in culture, but little is known about the role of LIF during human cardiogenesis. Thus, we analyzed the effects of LIF on human pluripotent stem cells (PSC) undergoing cardiac differentiation. We first showed that LIF is expressed in the human heart during early development. We found that the addition of LIF within a precise time window during the in vitro differentiation process significantly increased CMs viability. This finding was associated to a decrease in the expression of pro-apoptotic protein Bax, which coincides with a reduction of the apoptotic rate. Therefore, the addition of LIF may represent a promising strategy for increasing CMs survival derived from PSCs.


Pluripotent stem cells Embryonic stem cells Cardiac differentiation Cardiomyocyte Cardiac progenitor cell LIF Leukocyte inhibitory factor Apoptosis 



Special thanks to Dario Fernandez Espinosa for his technical support.


This study was funded by Fondo para la Investigación Científica y Tecnológica (FONCyT) (PICT-2011-2717).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interests

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

Supplementary material

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carolina Blüguermann
    • 1
  • Leonardo Romorini
    • 1
    • 2
  • Denis Evseenko
    • 3
  • Ximena Garate
    • 1
  • Gabriel Neiman
    • 1
  • Gustavo Emilio Sevlever
    • 1
  • María Elida Scassa
    • 1
  • Santiago Gabriel Miriuka
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.LIAN-CONICETBelén de EscobarArgentina
  2. 2.Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET)Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos AiresArgentina
  3. 3.Hoffman Medical Research CenterUniverstiy of Southern CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA

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