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Pharmacogenetic Correlates of Antipsychotic-Induced Weight Gain in the Chinese Population

  • Chao Luo
  • Junyan Liu
  • Xu Wang
  • Xiaoyuan Mao
  • Honghao Zhou
  • Zhaoqian LiuEmail author
Review
  • 46 Downloads

Abstract

Antipsychotic-induced weight gain (AIWG) is a common adverse effect of this treatment, particularly with second-generation antipsychotics, and it is a major health problem around the world. We aimed to review the progress of pharmacogenetic studies on AIWG in the Chinese population to compare the results for Chinese with other ethnic populations, identify the limitations and problems of current studies, and provide future research directions in China. Both English and Chinese electronic databases were searched to identify eligible studies. We determined that > 25 single-nucleotide polymorphisms in 19 genes have been investigated in association with AIWG in Chinese patients over the past few decades. HTR2C rs3813929 is the most frequently studied single-nucleotide polymorphism, and it seems to be the most strongly associated with AIWG in the Chinese population. However, many genes that have been reported to be associated with AIWG in other ethnic populations have not been included in Chinese studies. To explain the pharmacogenetic reasons for AIWG in the Chinese population, genome-wide association studies and multiple-center, standard, unified, and large samples are needed.

Keywords

Pharmacogenetic Antipsychotic Weight gain Single nucleotide polymorphism Schizophrenia 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the National Basic Research Development Program of China (2016YFC1306900 and 2016YFC0905002), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (81573508), the Open Foundation of Innovative Platform in Colleges and University of Hunan Province, China ([2015]54), and the Clinical Research Fund of Peking University Unamed-Central South University Xiangya Hospital (xywm2015I16).

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, CAS 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chao Luo
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Junyan Liu
    • 4
  • Xu Wang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Xiaoyuan Mao
    • 1
    • 2
  • Honghao Zhou
    • 1
    • 2
    • 5
  • Zhaoqian Liu
    • 1
    • 2
    • 5
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Xiangya HospitalCentral South UniversityChangshaChina
  2. 2.Hunan Key Laboratory of Pharmacogenetics, Institute of Clinical PharmacologyCentral South UniversityChangshaChina
  3. 3.School of Life SciencesCentral South UniversityChangshaChina
  4. 4.Department of OrthopaedicsThe First Affiliated Hospital of the University of South ChinaHengyangChina
  5. 5.National Clinical Research Center for Geriatric Disorders, Xiangya HospitalCentral South UniversityChangshaChina

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