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Neuroscience Bulletin

, Volume 34, Issue 3, pp 534–538 | Cite as

Biophotonic Activity and Transmission Mediated by Mutual Actions of Neurotransmitters are Involved in the Origin and Altered States of Consciousness

  • Weitai Chai
  • Zhengrong Han
  • Zhuo Wang
  • Zehua Li
  • Fangyan Xiao
  • Yan Sun
  • Yanfeng Dai
  • Rendong Tang
  • Jiapei Dai
Letter to the Editor

Dear Editor

Despite remarkable advances in our understanding of brain functions, the neural substrates and correlates of consciousness remain unclear [1]. It has been argued that classical physics is intrinsically incapable of explaining the holistic aspects of consciousness, especially its hard problem: phenomenal consciousness (P-consciousness) [2]. Several theorists have therefore proposed quantum mind theories of consciousness such as the Orch-OR (Orchestrated objective reduction) theory [3]; they offer descriptions of P-consciousness and interpretations of access consciousness (A-consciousness) based on quantum mechanics or quantum models. Recent experimental findings have suggested that biophotonic activity and transmission in neural circuits may be involved in the higher brain functions associated with consciousness and may play an important role in the generation of the quantum mind [4, 5, 6]; however, the underlying mechanisms are far from being understood.

Although there are...

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31640034), the Sci-Tech Support Plan of Hubei Province, China (2014BEC086), and the Research Team Fund of the South-Central University for Nationalities, China (XTZ15014).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no competing financial interests.

Supplementary material

12264_2018_215_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (407 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 408 kb)

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Copyright information

© Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, CAS and Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Weitai Chai
    • 1
    • 2
  • Zhengrong Han
    • 1
    • 2
  • Zhuo Wang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Zehua Li
    • 1
    • 2
  • Fangyan Xiao
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yan Sun
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yanfeng Dai
    • 3
  • Rendong Tang
    • 4
  • Jiapei Dai
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Wuhan Institute for Neuroscience and NeuroengineeringSouth-Central University for NationalitiesWuhanChina
  2. 2.Department of Neurobiology, College of Life SciencesSouth-Central University for NationalitiesWuhanChina
  3. 3.Britton Chance Center for Biomedical Photonics, Wuhan National Laboratory for OptoelectronicsHuazhong University of Science and TechnologyWuhanChina
  4. 4.State Key Laboratory of Cognitive Neuroscience and Learning, IDG/McGovern Institute for Brain Research, Collaborative Innovation Center for Brain ScienceBeijing Normal UniversityBeijingChina

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