Biophotonic Activity and Transmission Mediated by Mutual Actions of Neurotransmitters are Involved in the Origin and Altered States of Consciousness
Despite remarkable advances in our understanding of brain functions, the neural substrates and correlates of consciousness remain unclear . It has been argued that classical physics is intrinsically incapable of explaining the holistic aspects of consciousness, especially its hard problem: phenomenal consciousness (P-consciousness) . Several theorists have therefore proposed quantum mind theories of consciousness such as the Orch-OR (Orchestrated objective reduction) theory ; they offer descriptions of P-consciousness and interpretations of access consciousness (A-consciousness) based on quantum mechanics or quantum models. Recent experimental findings have suggested that biophotonic activity and transmission in neural circuits may be involved in the higher brain functions associated with consciousness and may play an important role in the generation of the quantum mind [4, 5, 6]; however, the underlying mechanisms are far from being understood.
Although there are...
This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31640034), the Sci-Tech Support Plan of Hubei Province, China (2014BEC086), and the Research Team Fund of the South-Central University for Nationalities, China (XTZ15014).
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Conflict of interest
The authors declare no competing financial interests.
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