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Laparoscopic Repair of Larrey (Left-Sided Morgagni) Hernia: Technical Considerations

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In 1769, Morgagni described the diaphragmatic hernia carrying his name, whist doing a post mortem on a head injury patient. Independently, Larrey had described a left-sided “anterior sternoscostal” hernia, and so left-sided Morgagni hernia is also known as a Larrey hernia. It is a very rare type of congenital diaphragmatic hernia with an incidence of 1–3%. It is caused by failure of fusion in the anterior portion of the pleuroperitoneal membrane resulting in retrosternal defect in the diaphragm. Although infants present with recurrent respiratory infections, they can often go unnoticed for several decades. In this case report, we present a 48-year-old male, diagnosed with Larrey hernia who underwent successful total laparoscopic suture repair and Meshplasty. The sac contents were reduced, and the sac was not excised. The edges were approximated, and the mesh was placed to widely cover the defect and suture to the abdominal wall all around. Relevant literature and technical considerations are discussed in this article.

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Correspondence to J. S. Rajkumar.

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Rajkumar, J.S., Tadimari, H., Akbar, S. et al. Laparoscopic Repair of Larrey (Left-Sided Morgagni) Hernia: Technical Considerations. Indian J Surg 80, 395–398 (2018).

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