This study was performed according to the European and National Legislation, Directive 63/2010, PD 56/Αpril 2013 [reference number of the license: Michail Ch. Sideris and Apostolos Papalois 7095/05-11-2014 (revised 884 28/4/2015)].
Main contribution—all the authors have approved the current submission.
Michail Ch. Sideris and Apostolos E. Papalois: equal contribution, lead of the project, and designers of the course curriculum, main editors of the manual. MS and AP drafted and edited the manuscript (discussion drafted by KT and edited by MS and AP), and statistical analysis by MS.
Georgios Tsoulfas: faculty of the course, lead for the in vivo dissections (anatomy demonstration of the abdomen), conception and senior author of the study
Korina Theodoraki: faculty member, literature search and editing of the discussion part of the manuscript
Efstratios Koletsis: faculty of the course, lead for ex vivo dissections—ex vivo graft suturing
Panagiotis Dedeilias: faculty of the course, lead for heart and transplant in vivo module
Nikolaos Lymperopoulos and Konstantinos Imprialos: members of the faculty
Savvas Papagrigoriadis: senior advisor of the course curriculum and manual
Vassilios Papalois: senior advisor of the course curriculum and manual
Georgios Zografos: senior advisor of the course curriculum and manual, lead of the scientific committee of the course
All the qualified authors have contributed to data collection as well as assessors (workplace-based assessments of the medical students).
Georgios Paparoidamis, Nikolaos Staikoglou and Ismini Tsagkaraki: medical students who set up promotion and smooth run of the course, data collection and assistants to senior assessors. GP has contributed with GT to the protocol.
Funding of the Project
Essential Skills in the Management of the Surgical Patient—ESMSC is funded by the Experimental Research Centre ELPEN, and it is provided for free to medical students around Europe.
Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they have no competing interests.