Virologica Sinica

, Volume 33, Issue 5, pp 459–461 | Cite as

Targeting cIAPs, a New Option for Functional Cure of Chronic Hepatitis B Infection?

  • Hongyan Liu
  • Jinlin Hou
  • Xiaoyong ZhangEmail author

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection causes a wide spectrum of liver diseases in more than 240 million people worldwide (Ott et al.2012). Patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) may progress to HBV-related end-stage liver diseases, such as hepatic failure, cirrhosis or hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) (Tang et al.2018). Many international clinical practice guidelines for CHB treatment have suggested the functional cure as an ideal goal for antiviral therapy (Sarin et al.2016; European Association for the Study of the Liver 2017; Terrault et al.2018). Functional cure means sustained, undetectable HBV surface antigen (HBsAg) and HBV DNA in serum with or without seroconversion to hepatitis B surface antibody following a finite or indefinite course of treatment, which implies no virological relapse or progression of liver disease after treatment cessation (Lok et al.2017). Generally, HBsAg loss is considered as a satisfactory biomarker for functional cure. However, approved antiviral agents...



This work was partly supported by Grants from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (81641173) and the Collaboration and Innovation Health Care Major Project of Guangzhou (201604020010).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Animal and Human Rights Statement

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest. This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.


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Copyright information

© Wuhan Institute of Virology, CAS and Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Organ Failure Research, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Viral Hepatitis Research, Department of Infectious Diseases, Nanfang HospitalSouthern Medical UniversityGuangzhouChina

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