The Distribution of Different Clades of Seneca Valley Viruses in Guangdong Province, China
Seneca Valley virus (SVV), a newly determined etiological agent of vesicular disease in swine, causes porcine idiopathic disease and occasional acute death in piglets. Recently, an increased number of SVV infection cases have been reported in the United States (US) and China, resulting in significant economic losses to the swine industry. The first identification of SVV in China was reported in Guangdong Province, a major swine producing province. The cases of SVV were continuously reported in Guangdong in 2015 and 2016. However, the spread of SVV in Guangdong in 2017 remains unknown. In this study, we determined two new SVV strains, CH-GD-2017-1 and CH-GD-2017-2, from Guangdong. The genetic analysis suggested that the two Guangdong strains showed different characteristics to previous Guangdong strains. They showed lower nucleotide similarity with strains isolated in 2015 and 2016, and were more similar to the US strains. Phylogenetic analyses indicated that the new strains were clustered in a different clade with previous Guangdong strains. We found 28 mutated amino acids in the new strains, compared with the first Guangdong strain, SVV CH-01-2015. In the geographic analysis, we found that the US and China reported more SVV cases than other countries, and most of the SVV cases were reported in east and central China—of which, Guangdong Province is one of the major epidemic regions. In conclusion, our findings indicate that SVV continued to spread in Guangdong Province in 2017, and two different clades of SVVs have emerged in this region.
KeywordsSeneca Valley virus (SVV) Genomic sequence Phylogenetic tree Epidemiological analysis
This work was supported by grants from the National Natural Sciences Foundation of China (No. U1501213), the Key Development and Research Foundation of Yunnan (2018BB004) and the Project Supported by National Science and Technology Ministry (2015BAD12B04).
PC, FY, ZZ and HZ designed the research, PC, FY, ZZ, WC and HL performed the experiments. KZ and XL provided experiment support. PC, ZZ and HZ wrote the manuscript. All authors have read and approved the final manuscript for submission.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Animal and Human Rights Statement
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.
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