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Virologica Sinica

, Volume 33, Issue 4, pp 378–381 | Cite as

Serological Cross Reactivity between Zika and Dengue Viruses in Experimentally Infected Monkeys

  • Shailendra Mani
  • Chee Wah Tan
  • Lin-Fa Wang
  • Danielle E. Anderson
Letter

Dear Editor,

Zika virus (ZIKV), a pathogen within the genus Flavivirus, family Flaviviridae brought an international public health emergency due to its association with neonatal microcephaly case (Platt and Miner 2017). Currently the most reliable diagnostic test is PCR detection of ZIKV RNA from body fluid samples. Unfortunately, the short viremia window and asymptomatic/mild infections greatly reduce the success rate of PCRs (de Vasconcelos et al.2018). Serological assays play a pivotal role in retrospective diagnosis of ZIKV infection, especially for pregnant women concerned about ZIKV infection during their early stages of pregnancy (de Vasconcelos et al.2018). However, due to the high level of cross reactivity among related flaviviruses, all serology tests conducted in locations where flaviviruses co-circulate prove to be difficult for making a conclusive diagnosis, especially for diagnosis of ZIKV infection in dengue virus (DENV) pre-exposed individuals (David et al.2017;...

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank Edgar Macabe Pena and his team, especially Ryan Cabo Maniquiz and Redmond Belen Cheng, for assistance with monkey infection studies. We thank Veronika von Messling for providing expertise and assistance in planning of the animal studies, and Eng Eong Ooi and his lab members, especially Eugenia Ong and Esther Gan, for providing DENV2 viruses. The project was funded in part by NMRC Grant ZRRF16006 and CD-PHRG Grant CDPHRG/0006/2014.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflicts of interest

The authors declare that there are no conflicts of interest.

Animal and Human Rights Statement

Cynomolgus macaques (Macaca fascicularis) were used for all studies. The experiments were approved by the SingHealth Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee of the SingHealth Experimental Medicine Centre (SEMC).

Supplementary material

12250_2018_48_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (314 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 315 kb)

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Copyright information

© Wuhan Institute of Virology, CAS and Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Programme in Emerging Infectious DiseasesDuke-NUS Medical SchoolSingaporeSingapore

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