Virologica Sinica

, Volume 33, Issue 3, pp 291–293 | Cite as

Non-Chinese Immigrants: Challenge Faced by Yunnan of China to Achieve the 90–90–90 Goals

  • Xin Chen
  • Lin Duo
  • Mei Ye
  • Chiyu ZhangEmail author
  • Yong-Tang ZhengEmail author
China’s AIDS epidemic started among people who inject drugs (PWID) in Ruili county-level city, a China–Myanmar border city of Yunnan Province, in 1989 (Fig.  1). Since then HIV has spread rapidly across the country (He and Detels 2005). China launched a “Four Frees and One Care” policy in 2003 to fight against HIV/AIDS. As one of the worst hit regions by HIV/AIDS in China, Yunnan initiated a people’s campaign to fight against HIV/AIDS with already over 670 million US dollars spent on the fight since 2005. After three rounds of the campaign, great achievements were obtained. By October 2016, there were 93,437 people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) in Yunnan, accounting for 14.3% of the total cases in China (Gao 2016). HIV detection and antiretroviral treatment (ART) rates increased from 40% to 78%, and 12.1% to 74.1%, from 2005 to 2016, respectively, and the viral suppression (with viral load less than 50 copies per milliliter) rate of PLWHA receiving ART achieved 88.6% in 2016 (Gao 2016)....



This work was supported by grants from the NSFC (81271892, U1302224, and 81601802). The funders had no role in study design, in the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data, in the writing of the report, or in the decision to submit the paper for publication.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Animal and Human Rights Statement

This study was approved by the Ethics Committee of Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences (approval number: SWYX-2009021; approval date: January 7, 2009). Written informed consents were obtained from all participants.


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Copyright information

© Wuhan Institute of Virology, CAS and Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Animal Models and Human Disease Mechanisms of the Chinese Academy of Sciences/Key Laboratory of Bioactive Peptides of Yunnan Province, Kunming Institute of ZoologyChinese Academy of SciencesKunmingChina
  2. 2.Pathogen Discovery and Big Data Center, CAS Key Laboratory of Molecular Virology and Immunology, Institut Pasteur of ShanghaiChinese Academy of SciencesShanghaiChina
  3. 3.Yunnan Fuwai Cardiovascular HospitalKunmingChina

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