Recent Advances in Animal Models of Zika Virus Infection
An infection by Zika virus (ZIKV), a mosquito-borne flavivirus, broke out in South American regions in 2015, and recently showed a tendency of spreading to North America and even worldwide. ZIKV was first detected in 1947 and only 14 human infection cases were reported until 2007. This virus was previously observed to cause only mild flu-like symptoms. However, recent ZIKV infections might be responsible for the increasing cases of neurological disorders such as Guillain-Barré syndrome and congenital defects, including newborn microcephaly. Therefore, researchers have established several animal models to study ZIKV transmission and pathogenesis, and test therapeutic candidates. This review mainly summarizes the reported animal models of ZIKV infection, including mice and non-human primates.
KeywordsZika virus Flavivirus Rodent models Non-human primate models
This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31770176), the Program for Professor of Special Appointment (Eastern Scholar) at Shanghai Institutions of Higher learning, and the Shanghai Rising-Star Program (17QA1403200) for QL.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Animal and Human Rights Statement
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.
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