Virologica Sinica

, Volume 32, Issue 5, pp 357–368 | Cite as

The regulatory role of protein phosphorylation in human gammaherpesvirus associated cancers

Open Access
Review
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Abstract

Activation of specific sets of protein kinases by intracellular signal molecules has become more and more apparent in the past decade. Phosphorylation, one of key posttranslational modification events, is activated by kinase or regulatory protein and is vital for controlling many physiological functions of eukaryotic cells such as cell proliferation, differentiation, malignant transformation, and signal transduction mediated by external stimuli. Moreovers, the reversible modification of phosphorylation and dephosphorylation can result in different features of the target substrate molecules including DNA binding, protein-protein interaction, subcellular location and enzymatic activity, and is often hijacked by viral infection. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and Kaposi’s sarcomaassociated herpesvirus (KSHV), two human oncogenic gamma-herpesviruses, are shown to tightly associate with many malignancies. In this review, we summarize the recent progresses on understanding of molecular properties and regulatory modes of cellular and viral proteins phosphorylation influenced by these two tumor viruses, and highlight the potential therapeutic targets and strategies against their related cancers.

Keywords

Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) Kaposi’s sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) phosphorylation 

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© Wuhan Institute of Virology, CAS and Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2017

Open AccessThis article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (https:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.MOH & MOE Key Laboratory of Medical Molecular Virology, School of Basic Medical SciencesShanghai Medical College of Fudan UniversityShanghaiChina
  2. 2.Amity Institute of Virology and Immunology, Block-J3, Sector-125Amity UniversityUttar PradeshIndia
  3. 3.Sheng Yushou Center of Cell Biology and Immunology, School of Life Sciences and BiotechnologyShanghai Jiao Tong UniversityShanghaiChina

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