Human endogenous retrovirus W env (HERV-W env) plays a critical role in many neuropsychological diseases such as schizophrenia and multiple sclerosis (MS). These diseases are accompanied by immunological reactions in the central nervous system (CNS). Microglia are important immunocytes in brain inflammation that can produce a gasotransmitter–nitric oxide (NO). NO not only plays a role in the function of neuronal cells but also participates in the pathogenesis of various neuropsychological diseases. In this study, we reported increased NO production in CHME-5 microglia cells after they were transfected with HERV-W env. Moreover, HERV-W env increased the expression and function of human inducible nitric oxide synthase (hiNOS) and enhanced the promoter activity of hiNOS. Microglial migration was also enhanced. These data revealed that HERV-W env might contribute to increase NO production and microglial migration ability in neuropsychological disorders by regulating the expression of inducible NOS. Results from this study might lead to the identification of novel targets for the treatment of neuropsychological diseases, including neuroinflammatory diseases, stroke, and neurodegenerative diseases.
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This work was supported by grants from the National Natural Sciences Foundation of China (No. 31470264, No. 81271820, No. 30870789, and No. 30300117), the Key Program of Natural Science Foundation of Hubei Province of China (No. 2014CFA078), the Stanley Foundation from the Stanley Medical Research Institute (SMRI), USA (No. 06R-1366), to Dr. Fan Zhu and the Scientific Innovation Team Project of Hubei Province of China (No. 2015CFA009).
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Xiao, R., Li, S., Cao, Q. et al. Human endogenous retrovirus W env increases nitric oxide production and enhances the migration ability of microglia by regulating the expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase. Virol. Sin. 32, 216–225 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12250-017-3997-4
- human endogenous retrovirus W family (HERV-W)
- nitric oxide (NO)
- inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS)
- neuropsychological disorders