Cloning, expression, and antiviral activity of interferon β from the Chinese microbat, Myotis davidii

Abstract

Bats are natural reservoir hosts for many viruses that produce no clinical symptoms in bats. Therefore, bats may have evolved effective mechanisms to control viral replication. However, little information is available on bat immune responses to viral infection. Type I interferon (IFN) plays a key role in controlling viral infections. In this study, we report the cloning, expression, and biological activity of interferon β (IFNβ) from the Chinese microbat species, Myotis davidii. We demonstrated the upregulation of IFNB and IFN-stimulated genes in a kidney cell line derived from M. davidii after treatment with polyI:C or infection with Sendai virus. Furthermore, the recombinant IFNβ inhibited vesicular stomatitis virus and bat adenovirus replication in cell lines from two bat species, M. davidii and Rhinolophus sinicus. We provide the first in vitro evidence of IFNβ antiviral activity in microbats, which has important implications for virus interactions with these hosts.

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Correspondence to Zheng-Li Shi.

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ORCID: 0000-0001-8089-163X

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Liang, YZ., Wu, LJ., Zhang, Q. et al. Cloning, expression, and antiviral activity of interferon β from the Chinese microbat, Myotis davidii . Virol. Sin. 30, 425–432 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12250-015-3668-2

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Keywords

  • bat
  • interferon
  • IFN-stimulated genes
  • antiviral activity