Virologica Sinica

, 26:347 | Cite as

Molecular determinants responsible for the subcellular localization of HSV-1 UL4 protein

  • Wei-wei Pan
  • Jing Long
  • Jun-ji Xing
  • Chun-fu Zheng


The function of the herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) UL4 protein is still elusive. Our objective is to investigate the subcellular transport mechanism of the UL4 protein. In this study, fluorescence microscopy was employed to investigate the subcellular localization of UL4 and characterize the transport mechanism in living cells. By constructing a series of deletion mutants fused with enhanced yellow fluorescent protein (EYFP), the nuclear export signals (NES) of UL4 were for the first time mapped to amino acid residues 178 to 186. In addition, the N-terminal 19 amino acids are identified to be required for the granule-like cytoplasmic pattern of UL4. Furthermore, the UL4 protein was demonstrated to be exported to the cytoplasm through the NES in a chromosomal region maintenance 1 (CRM1)-dependent manner involving RanGTP hydrolysis.

Key words

Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) UL4 Subcellular localization Nuclear export signal (NES) Chromosomal region maintenance 1 (CRM1) 


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Copyright information

© Wuhan Institute of Virology, CAS and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wei-wei Pan
    • 1
  • Jing Long
    • 1
  • Jun-ji Xing
    • 1
  • Chun-fu Zheng
    • 1
  1. 1.Molecular Virology and Viral Immunology Research Group, State Key Laboratory of Virology, Wuhan Institute of VirologyChinese Academy of SciencesWuhanChina

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