This study aimed to evaluate emerging trends of drug resistance to nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) and nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs) among 290 former blood donor HIV-1 infected patients in Hubei, China, from 2004 to 2006, all of whom had received anti-HIV-1 therapy. The presence of NRTI- and NNRTI-associated mutations were established by sequencing; genotypic and predicted phenotypic drug resistance were evaluated using HIVdb Program version 5.0.1 (http://hivdb.stanford.edu/pages/algs/HIVdb.html). Genotypic drug resistance analysis showed significant increases in percentages of patients carrying HIV-1 strains with M41L, T215Y/F, D67N, K103N, G190A/S, Y181C/F or L210W mutations. Of the variants’ predicted phenotypic drug resistance, highly significant increases were detected in percentages of patients carrying HIV-1 with high resistance to zidovudine (AZT) or stavudine (D4T) in NRTIs, and to delavirdine (DLV), efavirenz (EFV) or nevirapine (NVP) in NNRTIs; intermediate resistance to abacavir (ABC), AZT, D4T, didanosine (DDI) or tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) in NRTIs, and to etravirine (ETR) in NNRTIs; and low and potential low resistance to lamivudine (3TC), ABC, emtricitabine (FTC) or TDF in NRTIs, and to ETR in NNRTIs.
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Foundation items: The Key Projects in the National Science & Technology Pillar Program during the Eleventh Five-Year Plan Period of China (2008ZX10001-002), and the Major Science and Technology Innovation Cross Project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (KSCX1-YW-10).
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Gong, J., Wang, Xq., Tong, X. et al. Emerging trends of drug-resistant HIV-1 among drug-treated patients in former blood donors in Hubei, China: a three-year surveillance from 2004 to 2006. Virol. Sin. 26, 386–392 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12250-011-3210-0
- Drug-Resistant mutation
- Former blood donors