Spectrum sensing in cognitive radio using multitaper method based on MIMO-OFDM techniques

Abstract

The current inefficient utilization of frequency spectrum has alerted regulatory bodies to streamline improvements. Cognitive radio (CR) has recently received considerable attention and is widely perceived as a promising improvement tool in estimating, or equivalently sensing, the frequency spectrum for wireless communication systems. The cognitive cycle in CR systems is capable of recognizing and processing better spectrum estimation (SE) and hence promotes the efficiency of spectrum utilization. Among different SE methods, the multi-taper method (MTM) shows encouraging results. Further performance improvement in the SE for CR can be achieved by applying multiple antennas and combining techniques. This paper proposes a constructive development of SE using MTM, abbreviated as MTSE, and by employing multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO), parsed into separate parallel channels using singular value decomposition (SVD), and maximum ratio combining (MRC) configurations. Deviating from these improvements, however, multicarrier systems such as orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) show inferior sensing performances due to the noise multiplicity generated and combined from all subcarrier channels. By means of the quadrature matrix form, the probabilities for such integrated settings of SE have been derived to reach at their approximate asymptotes. Numerical simulations revealed specific better performances stemmed from coupling the fashionable MTSE and MIMO technologies.

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Correspondence to Ahmed O. Abdul Salam.

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Abdul Salam, A.O., Sheriff, R.E., Al-Araji, S.R. et al. Spectrum sensing in cognitive radio using multitaper method based on MIMO-OFDM techniques. Ann. Telecommun. 74, 727–736 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12243-019-00710-0

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Keywords

  • Cognitive radio
  • Spectrum estimation
  • Multi-taper
  • Multiple-input multiple-output
  • Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing
  • Singular value decomposition